A climbing plant covered with yellow flowers in winter, an intense fragrance in summer, a shrub with a harmonious allure: jasmine is a plant with many advantages. In the garden, it can be placed against a wall or mounted on a pergola. It can also be grown in pots to decorate balconies or terraces. The genus Jasminum belongs to the Oleaceae family and has about 200 species, native to India and Egypt. The flagrance of jasmine is also widely used to make perfumes.
Jasmine – climbing plant © stock.adobe
Everything you need to know about Jasmine for a beautiful and fragrant garden
Pergola with climbing jasmine © stock.adobe
Jasmine is a climbing plant with beautiful evergreen foliage and white, yellow or, more rarely, pinkish red flowers. Known for its captivating scent, jasmine will be charming near places of passage to make the most of its delicious scent.
This plant can become a cascade of flowers on the balcony, a beautiful potted decoration on the terrace, or embellish your pergola in the garden. Depending on the species, the jasmine plant can grow from 30 cm to 3 m in height.
Jasmine: here are the most common varieties
The two most common species in our gardens are winter jasmine and medicinal jasmine. The bright yellow flowers of winter jasmine (Jasminum nudiflorum) appear before the leaves from December to March.
This climbing plant covers its support up to a height of 3 m. It has a habit of spreading naturally, and if jasmine is not used on a trellis or wall, it will crawl like ground cover, making it perfect for covering an embankment.
It is the species with white or pink flowers, such as white jasmine or common jasmine (Jasminum officinale) that carry this particular scent. It blooms from June to September, and if placed near a wall, it can also grow to five or six meters in height.
Among the shrub species, summer jasmine or Jasminum fruticans is the most common.
Growing, caring for and pruning jasmine
Jasmine is a tropical or subtropical plant. It may therefore be necessary to protect it from very cold winters by covering its aerial parts with a veil and its base with mulch. Winter jasmine is more resilient than white jasmine and can withstand temperatures as low as -15 ° C. This plant thrives best in the sun and good heat.
Winter Jasmine can be placed in any position, even on a north facing wall. Under ideal conditions, jasmine requires deep, fertile, cool, and well-drained soil. Some species, like winter jasmine, are not as demanding and even grow in poor, stony and slightly calcareous soil. When planting, the root ball should be tilted to guide the stem to its future support, and generous watering immediately after planting is welcome.
After flowering, removing the oldest stems allows the plant to be thinned, its heart ventilated and its unraveling. It also stimulates the plant to produce new shoots, which should be formed as they grow. Medicinal jasmine is only pruned every two or three years in March.
As for watering, it must be abundant and regular in summer, a little less the rest of the year. Jasmine can suffer from excessive heat or sunburn, just prune the dry parts and the plant will recover as if nothing had happened. Other than that, it is not known if he has any illnesses or special care.
Meaning of jasmine flowers
The jasmine flower is often associated with love. Jasmine also symbolizes beauty and sensuality. In some cultures, jasmine represents appreciation and good fortune. When used in decorations for religious ceremonies, jasmine represents purity. The meanings of jasmine vary by culture and environment. This is all you need to know about Jasmine for a beautiful and fragrant garden.
To see also:
Clematis: a little-known climbing plant, splendid for a colorful exterior
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